The Different types of Ergastic Materials of a Cell

The Different types of Ergastic Materials of a Cell

Dear Viewers: Today we will discuss about the The Different types of Ergastic Materials of a Cell Ergastic materials:  These are the non-living materials found in cells, which includes Reserve materials, Secretory products and Excretory products. So all nonliving inclusions of the cell are called Ergastic materials These ergastic materials are found in cytoplasm and vacuole These are of three types   Reserve food matters Plants reserve carbohydrates in the form of starch and glycogen in fungi only Plants reserve protein in the form of aleurone grains Plants reserve fat in the form of elaioplast   Animals reserve carbohydrate in the form of glycogen Animals reserve fat in the adipocyte cells or fat cells   Secretary substances Like Nector, Colouring materials (pigments) Hormones, Enzymes, etc are secreted by plant cells and animals cells   Excretory products These are formed within the plant cells and animal cells due to metabolism. These metabolic byproducts are the excretory products.  In plants these excretory products can be nitrogenous or non-nitrogenous.  These excretory products have got considerable economic importances.   Non-nitrogenous...
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Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic Organelles of Cell

Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic Organelles of Cell

Hi Viewers: Today we are going to discuss a very important aspect of Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic Organelles of Cell.  These Cytoplasmic organelles are present both in plant cells and in animal cells.  Now let us check out what cytoplasmic organelles are present in the plant cells and in animal cells.  On that basis we will be able to differentiate between the plant cells and animal cells. What is Cytoplasmic Organelles?   All the tiny living inclusions present within the cytoplasm is called cell organelles.      Nucleus   Nucleus is double membrane bound dense spherical body, containing nuclear reticulum, nucleolus and nucleoplasm   Structure:  Under electron microscope the nucleus shows the following structures   Nuclear Membrane: it is delicate, it is porous, it is double layered, its function is to separate nucleus from the surrounding cytoplasm Nucleoplasm: it is dense, its mass is clear, it forms the matrix of the nucleus, its function is to store reserve materials for the cell division Nuclear Reticulum: it is highly coiled structure which...
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Differences Between Cell Wall and Cell Membrane

Differences Between Cell Wall and Cell Membrane

Hi Readers: Today we will discuss about the Differences Between Cell Wall and Cell Membrane. While doing that we will focus on to its structure, function, and location only.  So without further ado, let's get started.....   CELL WALL Differences Between Cell Wall and Cell Membrane have the following: First let us go through the definition: The non-living, Permeable, rigid and thick outer envelope of plant cell composed of Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Lignin, Pectin and Suberin is known as cell wall. Check out the Video explanation from our YouTube Channel: To see more videos like this please click here The Structural features of a cell are as follows:    It is present only in plant cell It is composed of composed of Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Lignin, Pectin and Suberin Matured cell wall is composed of two parts, which are in the following Primary cell wall:  It is the thin outer most layer Secondary cell wall:  It is thick inner layer A cementing layer called middle lamella is present between two adjacent cells Narrow thread...
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Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells

Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells

Hi Readers:   Today we will discuss about the Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.  So let's dive into it.. Prokaryotic Cells: Pro means primitive and karyon means nucleus.  So the cell which bears the primitive Nucleus is called prokaryotic cells.   Definition:  The primitive type of cells which are devoid of true nucleus and well defined Cytoplasmic Organelles.   Examples:  Bacteria and blue green algae like Nostoc, Anabaena etc.   Structure: Prokaryotic cells are all unicellular organism Cell walls are composed of mucopeptide Nucleus is devoid of nuclear membrane, nucleoplasm and nucleolus Cell organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Plastids etc are absent Ribosomes are 70S     Eukaryotic Cells:  Eu means True and karyon means nucleus.  So the cells which bears the true nucleus is called eukaryotic cells   Examples:  Eukaryotic cells occur in plant from Algae to Angiosperms                    And                    Eukaryotic cells occur in animal from Protozoa to Human   Structure: Eukaryotic cells are may be unicellular or multicellular Cell walls are composed of cellulose Nucleus have all the four components-- Nuclear Reticulum,...
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Schematic Diagram of Plant Cells

Schematic Diagram of Plant Cells

Hi Readers: Today we will discuss about the Schematic diagram of plant cells, which is very important so far the basic knowledge about the cell is concerned. A living cell is broadly categorized into the Cell wall (in case of plant) or Cell membrane (in case of animal) and Protoplasm. Protoplasm again categorized into cytoplasm and nucleus. The outer portion of cytoplasm is called ectoplasm and the inner part of the cytoplasm is called endoplasm. The nucleus is comprised of the following four important divisions. a) Nucleolus b) Chromatin reticulum or Nuclear reticulum c) Nuclear membrane d) Nucleoplasm To see more videos like this please click here The cytoplasm contains various types of materials, which are broadly categorized into Living inclusion and b) non living inclusions Under living inclusion we do see the following items: a) Mitochondria b) Plastids. These two are called transducers because here energy conversion takes place and they are bounded by double layer membranes. c) Endoplasmic Reticulum d) Golgi bodies e) Lysosomes.  These are called GERL and are single layered membranes. f) Ribosomes. These naked...
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Cellular Structures and Functions

Cellular Structures and Functions

Hello Readers: Today we are going to discuss a bit about some very basic things about the cell, mostly Cellular Structures and Functions So without wasting much time, let us dive into the basics of Cellular Structures and Functions which one should know before going into the details.  These information about the cell are the early history of a cell, which is really very interesting.  Let us now check out those facts below.  Why a Cell is called Structural and Functional Unit of life? Ans.  As a single brick of an entire building is a structural unit of that building similarly a Cell is also a structural unit of an entire organism hence a cell is called as a structural unit of life. A multicellular organism can perform the following physiological activities Photosynthesis Respiration Nutrition Excretion Locomotion and Movement Growth and Reproduction Similarly, a single cell like Amoeba can also perform the above mentioned physiological activities.  Since a cell has got power to perform all...
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