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Hi Readers:

 

Today we will discuss about the Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.  So let’s dive into it..

Prokaryotic Cells:
Pro means primitive and karyon means nucleus.  So the cell which bears the primitive Nucleus is called prokaryotic cells.

 

Definition:  The primitive type of cells which are devoid of true nucleus and well defined Cytoplasmic Organelles.

 

Examples:  Bacteria and blue green algae like Nostoc, Anabaena etc.

 

Structure:

  1. Prokaryotic cells are all unicellular organism
  2. Cell walls are composed of mucopeptide
  3. Nucleus is devoid of nuclear membrane, nucleoplasm and nucleolus
  4. Cell organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Plastids etc are absent
  5. Ribosomes are 70S

 

 

Eukaryotic Cells:  Eu means True and karyon means nucleus.  So the cells which bears the true nucleus is called eukaryotic cells

 

Examples:  Eukaryotic cells occur in plant from Algae to Angiosperms

                   And

                   Eukaryotic cells occur in animal from Protozoa to Human

 

Structure:

  1. Eukaryotic cells are may be unicellular or multicellular
  2. Cell walls are composed of cellulose
  3. Nucleus have all the four components– Nuclear Reticulum, nuclear membrane, nucleoplasm and nucleolus
  4. Cell organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Plastids etc are present
  5. Ribosomes are 80S

Check out the Video explanation from our YouTube Channel:


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Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells:

 

                     Eukaryotic cells                                                      Prokaryotic cells

  1. Unicellular                                                                                 1.  Unicelluar or Multicellular
  2. Cell wall– mucopeptide                                                          2.  Cell wall—cellulose
  3. True nucleus absent                                                                 3.  True nucleus present
  4. Cell organelles absent                                                              4.  Cell organelles present
  5. Ribososmes– 70S                                                                     5.  Ribosemes—80S

 

 

Hopefully, you have understood about the Eukaryotic cells and Prokaryotic cells and their differences.

Should you have any doubts or if you have any questions, then please feel free to post them in the comment section below.

 

Thank You

 

See you in our next blogpost.

 

    Also Read on Science Reckoner:

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Hi viewers My name is Partha Pratim Goswami, (PpG) I am a teacher by profession. I have been teaching biology, chemistry and physics, sometimes mathematics also for last sixteen years. I would like to share my entire experience with all the viewers across the world through YouTube, which I think is an amazing platform to share all my experiences.

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