Today we will discuss about the Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells. So let’s dive into it..
Pro means primitive and karyon means nucleus. So the cell which bears the primitive Nucleus is called prokaryotic cells.
Definition: The primitive type of cells which are devoid of true nucleus and well defined Cytoplasmic Organelles.
Examples: Bacteria and blue green algae like Nostoc, Anabaena etc.
- Prokaryotic cells are all unicellular organism
- Cell walls are composed of mucopeptide
- Nucleus is devoid of nuclear membrane, nucleoplasm and nucleolus
- Cell organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Plastids etc are absent
- Ribosomes are 70S
Eukaryotic Cells: Eu means True and karyon means nucleus. So the cells which bears the true nucleus is called eukaryotic cells
Examples: Eukaryotic cells occur in plant from Algae to Angiosperms
Eukaryotic cells occur in animal from Protozoa to Human
- Eukaryotic cells are may be unicellular or multicellular
- Cell walls are composed of cellulose
- Nucleus have all the four components– Nuclear Reticulum, nuclear membrane, nucleoplasm and nucleolus
- Cell organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Plastids etc are present
- Ribosomes are 80S
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Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells:
Eukaryotic cells Prokaryotic cells
- Unicellular 1. Unicelluar or Multicellular
- Cell wall– mucopeptide 2. Cell wall—cellulose
- True nucleus absent 3. True nucleus present
- Cell organelles absent 4. Cell organelles present
- Ribososmes– 70S 5. Ribosemes—80S
Hopefully, you have understood about the Eukaryotic cells and Prokaryotic cells and their differences.
Should you have any doubts or if you have any questions, then please feel free to post them in the comment section below.
See you in our next blogpost.