In this blog we will discuss about the various types of Functional Groups of Organic Compound.
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a particular compound
-OH is an alcohol group
-CHO is an aldehyde group
-CO- is a ketone group
-COOH is a carboxyl or acid group
-NH2 is an amino group
-CONH2 is an amide group
Now let us check out the compounds when these functional groups get added with the methyl group
CH3-OH = Methyl alcohol
CH3-CHO = Acetaldehyde
CH3-CO- CH3 = Acetone
CH3-COOH = Acetic acid
CH3-NH2 = Methylamine
CH3-CONH2 = Acetamide
Berzelius in 1817 recognized that organic compounds are made up of compound radicals – the radicals being linked to one another in the compound. The structural formula of a given compound readily reveals the radicals present. Methyl alcohol CH3-OH may be split up into methyl group CH3- and hydroxyl radical -OH
Similarly, Acetic acid CH3-COOH can be split up into methyl group CH3– and carboxyl radical–COOH
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