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Hi viewers
In this blog we will discuss about the various types of Functional Groups of Organic Compound.

 

FUNCTIONAL GROUPS

A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a particular compound

 

Functional groups

 

-OH             is an alcohol group

-CHO          is an aldehyde group

-CO-            is a ketone group

-COOH       is a carboxyl or acid group

-NH2               is an amino group

-CONH2      is an amide group

 

 

Now let us check out the compounds when these functional groups get added with the methyl group

 

CH3-OH                =      Methyl alcohol

 

CH3-CHO              =      Acetaldehyde

 

CH3-CO- CH3        =       Acetone

 

CH3-COOH           =         Acetic acid

 

CH3-NH2               =          Methylamine

 

CH3-CONH2       =         Acetamide

 

 

Berzelius in 1817 recognized that organic compounds are made up of compound radicals – the radicals being linked to one another in the compound.  The structural formula of a given compound readily reveals the radicals present.  Methyl alcohol CH3-OH may be split up into methyl group CH3-  and  hydroxyl radical   -OH

Similarly, Acetic acid CH3-COOH can be split up into methyl group CH3 and carboxyl radical–COOH

 

 

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PpG

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Hi viewers My name is Partha Pratim Goswami, (PpG) I am a teacher by profession. I have been teaching biology, chemistry and physics, sometimes mathematics also for last sixteen years. I would like to share my entire experience with all the viewers across the world through YouTube, which I think is an amazing platform to share all my experiences.

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