The Fungi

The Fungi

Hi viewers: Today we will discuss about the world of Fungi. Definition of Fungi A kingdom of eukaryotic, spore forming and saprophytic organisms that grow in irregular masses, without roots, stems, or leaves, and are devoid of chlorophyll or other pigments capable of photosynthesis. E ach organism (thallus) is unicellular to filamentous, and possesses branched somatic structures (hyphae) surrounded by cell walls containing chitin and containing true nuclei. PROPERTIES FUNGI Heterotrophic nutrition (parasitic or saprophytic)       Terrestrial Thallus body Reserve food material is glycogen Cell wall- chitin Pseudoparenchyma Nonflowering Microscopic or macroscopic Reproduction- vegetative, asexual and sexual Eg. Yeast, Mucor, etc a.  Mushroom b.  Sporangium of Mucor Classify fungi up to subdivisions and mention characteristic features of each subdivision. (6) Ans. Main classification of fungi: Fungi are classified into four classes such as: 1. Phycomycetes eg. Mucor, 2. Ascomycetes eg. Yeast (Saccharomyces), 3. Basidiomycetes, eg. Agaricus, and 4. Deuteromycetes eg. Fusarium. Class 1. Phycomycetes: The hyphae of the fungi of this class are aseptate. They are coenocytic in nature eg. Mucor. Class 2....
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Classification of Plant Kingdom

Classification of Plant Kingdom

Hi viewers: In this blog Classification of Plant Kingdom we will discuss the classification of Plants on the basis of different item. Classification of Plant Kingdom Hi viewers, today we will discuss about the Classification of Plant Kingdom.  The plant kingdom is broadly classified into a) Cryptogam and b) Phanerogam.  The word ''Crypto'' means hidden and the word ''gam'' means flower.  So all the bacteria, algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteridophytes are clubbed under Cryoptogams where flowers are not seen.  And all the Gymnosperms and angiosperms are clubbed under Phanerogams where flowers can be seen. Virus an enigma between living and nonliving Schizophyta- Bacteria Thallophyta- Algae and Fungi Bryophyta- Moss Pterydophyta- Fern Gymnosperm- Cycas and Pinus Monocotyledonous- All the pulses and cereals Dicotyledonous- All the flowering plants Virus an enigma between living and nonliving     PROPERTIES OF VIRUS   It is the bridge between living and non-living It is living when it is present inside the body of the host and non-living when it is outside the body...
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